Potential host plants of Corythucha arcuata (Het., Tingidae) in Europe: a laboratory study

TitlePotential host plants of Corythucha arcuata (Het., Tingidae) in Europe: a laboratory study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsBernardinelli, I.
JournalJournal of Applied Entomology
Pagination480 - 484
Date Published2006///
Keywordsdevelopment time, exotic pest, laboratory assay, northern Italy, oak, oak lace bug

Abstract: The oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Het., Tingidae), native to North America, was found in Europe on Quercus robur L. and other oaks in the spring of 2000. The potential host plant range of this species in Europe and its development time were investigated in a laboratory study. An assay was performed on leaf cuts of different plant species. On the deciduous European oaks (Q. robur, Quercus pubescens Willd, Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl., Quercus cerris L.), as well as Rubus ulmifolius Schott. and Rubus idaeus L., most of the lace bugs (>50%) reached the adult stage; on Castanea sativa Mill., Rubus caesius L. and Rosa canina L., a reduced number of individuals (<25%) reached the adult stage. No nymphs survived on Quercus rubra L. (mentioned in literature as a host plant), on the evergreen oaks Quercus suber L. and Quercus ilex L., on Malus domestica Borkh. and four tested maple species. On plant species where the lace bug reached the adult stage, the development time varied from 13 to 27 days. On European deciduous oak species, the development time was longer on leaves taken in late summer (September) than on those of late spring (June); on the contrary, such differences were not observed on Rubus species, and Castanea sativa.